In 2020, the access to the markets of 24 foreign countries for 38 types of products (meat and dairy products, feed, non-food products, live animals) was authorized. For comparison, in 2019, the authorization was given by 17 countries for 30 types of products.
This year, Russian beef was exported to 19 countries, pork to 15 countries, poultry meat to 39 countries, RTE meat products to 20 countries, small ruminant meat to 2 countries, dairy products to 27 countries, fish and fish products to 57 countries.
During 11.5 months of 2020, export of raw meat and RTE meat products to foreign countries reached 534 thousand tons, while 379 thousand tons were exported during the same period last year. The volume of beef exports increased from 5.9 thousand tons to 14.5 thousand tons, pork - from 59 thousand to 111 thousand tons, poultry meat from 211 thousand to 276 thousand tons.
Since the beginning of the year, there has been a decrease in imports of raw meat and RTE meat products by 22% compared to the same period in 2019 (from 734 thousand tons to 573 thousand tons).
As for working with individual countries, it should be noted that one of the most difficult, but at the same time the most promising export destinations is traditionally China.
The result of many years of work of the Service was the approval of the protocol between the Rosselkhoznadzor and the General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China for the supply of Russian beef and the relevant certificate in January 2020. In June, the Service managed to include chilled beef in the protocol, and it was agreed to expand the list of beef offal authorized for export. Now the Chinese side has authorized two Russian enterprises for the export of these products.
In addition, this year, in cooperation with the Chinese party, it was agreed to open the Chinese market for milk powder from Russia from 10 Russian establishments. In total, 93 enterprises are authorized to export dairy products to China (49 - ice cream, 46 - other dairy products).
In January 2020, an agreement was reached to expand the list of turkey offal exported from the Russian Federation to China, and the list of establishments authorized to export meat and poultry offal was expanded to 49 plants.
In addition, back in November 2019, the Service and the Vietnamese Veterinary Service agreed a simplified procedure for the review of Russian establishments’ questionnaires. In total, the Vietnamese side has authorized 40 Russian establishments (17 for pork, 21 for poultry meat, 4 for beef). Two establishments are mixed-type facilities (1-poultry/beef; 1 pork/beef). Seventeen of them have been listed in 2020.
Certificates for meat of all types of poultry, fish and fish products exported to Vietnam have also been approved.
One of the new destinations for exported Russian products became the Argentine market for Russian mixed-feed. The Rosselkhoznadzor has been working on this issue with the Argentine colleagues for almost 2 years.
Dairy products from the Russian Federation can now be exported to Vietnam, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, the Republic of Korea, and Japan.
In the past year, the official statuses of the World Organization for Animal Health for peste des petits ruminants and bovine contagious pleuropneumonia were obtained.
To obtain the access right for Russian products to foreign countries, the Service organizes visits of foreign colleagues to Russia. However, this year, a serious challenge was the complication of the epidemiological situation in the world due to a new coronavirus infection, which made it necessary to develop new methods of audits and inspections. In 2020, 5 events were organized:
- Field inspections carried out by the competent authorities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Republic of Iraq;
- Inspections in video format by the UAE and China;
- The competent authority of the Republic of Korea has delegated to the Russian side the right to perform a regular inspection of fish processing establishments/vessels.
During the visits of foreign delegations in 2020, 16 Russian exporting establishments were inspected, six of them received the right to export, six confirmed the right to export.
Based on the results of video inspection by the UAE, other Russian establishments gained the possibility to submit the documents for export authorization in electronic form. This procedure will be valid until the end of the pandemic.
In 2020, the Rosselkhoznadzor introduced the AS "Ecert" component for industries intended for veterinary certification of goods regulated by the state veterinary surveillance exported from the Russian Federation to foreign countries. The introduction of the module allowed to reduce the time required for the preparation of veterinary accompanying documentation by automating the process and ensuring the creation of a single centralized database with information about each batch of exported goods. Currently, eCert is used for export of beef and poultry meat to Vietnam and the People's Republic of China.
The expansion of electronic export veterinary certification is a priority task for 2021 and the coming years. The Rosselkhoznadzor has taken actions on the integration of veterinary information systems with more than 60 countries around the world.
The introduction of electronic veterinary certification and the use of common veterinary information systems is a competitive advantage both when opening new export markets for livestock products, and for expanding the range of exported products.
In total, during import operations in 2020, 102 thousand consignments of goods subject to veterinary control, with a total weight of more than 1.2 million tons, were inspected.
In 2020, 25 tons of sanctioned products of animal origin were identified and destroyed. In total, since the entry into force of this RF President's Decree, 1,228 tons of products have been destroyed.
The Rosselkhoznadzor is continuously working to prevent illegal deliveries of products regulated by the State Veterinary Service to Russia under the guise of deliveries to the addresses of Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Armenian consignees. As part of these activities in 2020, the illegal movement of more than 18 thousand tons of dairy products and more than 12.2 thousand tons of meat and meat products was revealed. Moreover 40 consignments were not confirmed by the competent authorities of Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan (of which Kazakhstan – 25 consignments, Kyrgyzstan – 6 consignments, Armenia – 9 consignments).
To exclude the possibility of marketing illegally imported animal products on the territory of the Russian Federation using fraudulent transit schemes and sanctioned products, the Rosselkhoznadzor ensures the traceability based on veterinary information systems throughout the entire Eurasian Economic Union.