On November 24, a meeting of the round table "Antimicrobials: handle with caution" was held as part of the World Antimicrobial Awareness Week.
The event has been held since 2015 on the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO). Its main goal is to raise awareness of the antimicrobial resistance problem around the world. Partners of the Week were the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
The round table meeting was attended by the representatives of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, as well as Adviser to the Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor Nikita Lebedev and employees of institutions subordinate to the Service.
In the format of a videoconference, the participants of the meeting discussed measures to preserve the effectiveness of essential medicines, including not only antibiotics, but also antiviral, antifungal and antiparasitic agents.
During the opening of the round table, Nikita Lebedev, Advisor to the Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor, made a welcoming speech. In his report, he focused on the problems arising from the uncontrolled and intensive use of antibiotics in agriculture, as well as the use of microdoses of such drugs to stimulate growth and increase the livestock performance. According to him, the use of microdoses of antibiotics does not look dangerous, but it leads to the formation of resistance to drugs in microbes. In addition, the growth of microorganism resistance to antibiotics can gradually lead to a decrease in the productivity of farmed animals and an increase in their mortality.
Nikita Lebedev noted that this problem cannot be solved only by legislation, it is necessary to make every effort to increase the level of professional training of specialists and awareness of the population and stakeholders about the risks of uncontrolled use of antibiotics.
Also within the framework of the event, Olga Ivanova, Head of the Department of Biotechnology of the All-Russian State Center for Quality and Standardization of Medicines for Animals and Feed (VGNKI), PhD, made a report on "Antibiotic resistance as a global problem of the world community". She spoke about the contribution of the VGNKI to the implementation of the national action plan within the strategy to prevent the antimicrobial resistance spread until 2030. In particular, for monitoring studies, the staff of the institution developed a set of methods to detect almost all major groups of antimicrobial drugs used in veterinary medicine, including those of particular importance for public health: colistin, fluoroquinolones and cephalosporins. In addition, the institution has created a national collection of antibiotic-resistant strains of microorganisms, and also conducts research work "Veterinary monitoring of bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents and identification of genetic determinants of resistance from environmental objects".
Olga Ivanova noted that the measures proposed by the Federal State Budgetary Institution "VGNKI" will serve as a basis for organizing activities aimed at preventing and limiting the spread of microorganism resistance to antimicrobial agents.
At the end of the meeting, the participants discussed the presentation of each of the speakers and agreed on further cooperation on dissemination of best practices in the field of antibiotic resistance among the public.