By its Decision the World Assembly of Delegates of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) officially recognised the status of FMD freedom without vaccination for 52 administrative subjects of the Russian Federation, which was previously granted in May 2019 (according to Resolution No. 7 Recognition of the Foot and Mouth Disease Status of Members No. 9 (Adapted Procedure, May 2020)).
The FMD free zone recognised by the OIE comprises the major part of the country. These are the following 52 administrative subjects of the Russian Federation: cities - Moscow and Saint-Petersburg, Archangelsk Oblast, Belgorod Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Vladimir Oblast, Vologda Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Ivanovo Oblast, Irkutsk Oblast, Kaliningrad Oblast, Kaluga Oblast, Kirov Oblast, Kursk Oblast, Kostroma Oblast, Leningrad Oblast, Lipetsk Oblast, Magadan Oblast, Moscow Oblast, Murmansk Oblast, Nizhny Novgorod Oblast, Novgorod Oblast, Orel Oblast, Penza Oblast, Pskov Oblast, Ryazan Oblast, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Smolensk Oblast, Tambov Oblast, Tver Oblast, Tomsk Oblast, Tula Oblast, Ulianovsk Oblast, Yaroslavl Oblast, Kemerovo Oblast - Kuzbass, Kamchatka Krai, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Perm Krai, Republic of Bashkortostan, Republic of Karelia, Republic of Komi, Republic of Mary El, Republic of Mordovia, Republic of Tatarstan, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Republic of Khakasia, Udmurt Republic, Chuvash Republic, Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Khanty-Mansiisky Autonomous Okrug, Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug.
For the first time the status of a country with FMD free zone where vaccination is not pratised was given to Russia on May 26, 2016 during the OIE General Session. The status was suspended from October 20, 2016 to January 13, 2017 due to FMD outbreak in Vladimir Oblast. On September 30, 2017 the status was again suspended due to FMD outbreak in Bashkiria.
Having studied the dossier prepared by the Rosselkhoznadzor and the subordinate FGBI «Federal Centre for Animal Health» (FGBI «ARRIAH»), the OIE Scientific Commission concluded that Russia complied with the OIE requirements for FMD control and met the criteria of FMD free country. As a result, the previously obtained status was restored on May 20, 2019. In May 2020, the OIE recognised the previously restored status on the basis of the fact that throughout the year Russia ensured compliance with the requirements for FMD control at the same level.
In the future, specialists from the Rosselkhoznadzor and the subordinate FGBI «ARRIAH» will prepare materials to confirm the status annually.
Undoubtedly, the fact that Russia has an OIE recognised FMD free zone contributes to the development of export potential of the country's agricultural sector.
This is one of the most important factors determining the ability of establishments located on the territory of the OIE recognized FMD free zone to export to foreign countries goods regulated by the state veterinary control and derived from cattle, sheep and goats, and pigs. It is important to note that this possibility remains even in case of FMD outbreaks reported in administrative subjects of the Russian Federation, which are not included in the OIE recognized FMD free zone.
In order to expand the opportunities for exporting agricultural products, the Rosselkhoznadzor and specialists from the subordinate FGBI «ARRIAH» are currently preparing new dossiers on FMD for submission to the OIE for official recognition of five more FMD free zones with and without vaccination.