From 2016 to 2020, on the basis of the subordinate research institutions the Rosselkhoznadzor performed large-scale research, analytical and practical activities aimed at Russia’s official recognition as a country free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and peste des petits ruminants.
Results of extensive laboratory testing of samples collected from the susceptible animals in each region of Russia were inter alia received and analyzed. Within three years, over 186 000 samples were ELISA and PCR tested; a number of guidance documents were worked out and put to practice in order to regulate the sampling procedure and assess the animal disease status of the Subjects of the Russian Federation and slaughter facilities as for the above mentioned diseases.
The specified efforts were taken under the scientific and methodical support of the FGBI “Federal Centre for Animal Health” (FGBI “ARRIAH”) being the OIE Regional Reference Laboratory for FMD, OIE Collaborating Centre for Diagnosis and Control of Animal Diseases for Eastern Europe, Central Asia and Transcaucasia, OIE Regional Reference Laboratory for Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease and FAO Reference Centre for Foot-and-Mouth Disease for Central Asia and Western Eurasia.
The efforts resulted in the development of dossiers on the above mentioned disease control that were submitted to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
On June 16, the Rosselkhoznadzor received a letter specifying the resolution of the World Assembly of OIE Delegates on official recognition of the Russian Federation as a country free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia according to Resolution No. 9 (Adapted Procedure, May 2020) and peste des petits ruminants according to Resolution No. 13 (Adapted Procedure, May 2020).
Therefore, the Russian Federation is the first EAEU country to be included in the list of 58 OIE member countries officially free from peste des petits ruminants and in the list of 20 countries officially free from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (there are total of 182 OIE member countries).
Over the recent years, the Rosselkhoznadzor has additionally taken efforts on implementation and realization of internationally approved tools for disease freedom management and maintenance in Russia as well as for epizootologically safe trade in animals and products of animal origin.
Practical implementation of such tools as regionalization and zoning, compartmentalization, electronic veterinary certification and a number of other information systems as well as establishment of a wide laboratory network and development of internationally recognized reference centres for animal disease diagnosis, control and risk analysis allow for effective performance in nearly all segments of the national veterinary strategy of the Russian Federation. These factors largely facilitated the FGBI “ARRIAH” expert activities during the preparation of the dossiers and provided the basis for the OIE resolution. The above mentioned mechanisms and practical solutions are the key ones for the official recognition of Russia as a country free from other significant transboundary diseases.
The international recognition of the Russian Federation freedom from contagious bovine pleuropneumonia and peste des petits ruminants attests to high professionalism of the Rosselkhoznadzor experts and builds credibility of the foreign partners to the veterinary surveillance system being in place in the country. The declared official statuses will also facilitate sustainable export of the Russian animal products to the foreign countries.