The 2nd OIE Global Conference on Biological Threat Reduction was held in Ottawa (Canada). More than 300 people took part in the event including representatives of the international organizations, delegates from several OIE member-countries, well-known scientists, as well as representatives of special services, donors and concerned persons involved in livestock production, animal trade, veterinary medicine and animal welfare as well as in the field of public health. The Russian Federation was presented by the Advisor to the Head of the Rosselkhoznadzor, Nikita Lyebedev.
During the event it was noted that circulation of the infectious disease agents as well as toxins in humans and animals is a significant and consistent threat to human and animal health as well as to the agricultural sector, food security (grains and livestock production) and food safety. The prevailing number of disease outbreaks and food poisoning cases are of natural origin and nevertheless the risk of disease spread in animals and humans after the toxin or pathogen intentional and accidental spread is actually high.
Basing on the discussion that started during the First OIE Global Conference on Biological Threat Reduction and considering development of cooperation in the field of general public health and safety improvement the participants of the second global conference acknowledged that biological threat reduction regardless of the fact weather they are natural, intentional or accidental, demands multisided, transboundary approaches and multisectoral and comprehensive solutions.
The participants acknowledged the necessity of strengthening tools and mechanisms of spread prevention and investigation that play a key role in biological threat reduction. These tools are necessary for those who are involved in biological threat reduction activities.
Besides, it was stressed that there is a necessity of more close attention on behalf of the governments, regional and international organizations, universities and civil institutions regarding coordination and cooperation. The participants of the conference also called for concentration of efforts aimed at interaction between special, traditionally independent subdivisions so that different sectors could jointly work on achievement of the common goal, i.e. strengthening national and international opportunities of prevention, detection and responsive actions in case of infectious disease threat.
•Global strategies aimed at strengthening public health and safety are effective measures for maintaining political interest in funding cooperation and infrastructure in this field.
•While pathogens are spreading further and faster than ever before, reliable communication systems and networks are necessary for potential outbreak control and prevention. So, intersectoral cooperation is a key factor for development of strategies for prevention and response. The persons concerned shall find and correct drawbacks to ensure interaction of emergency control mechanisms.
•Ensuring sustainability and autonomy of laboratories is still a problem which can be partially solved be strengthening the laboratory network and intensifying biosafety measures for risk management.
•As there is scientific and technical progress scientists and authorities shall facilitate transparent and sensible science development for the good of the society. The culture of responsible attitude to researches can be developed and strengthened by means of education, training and awareness campaign.