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The Rosselkhoznadzor Participates in Session of the Executive Committee of the European Commission for FMD Control (EuFMD)

Stability of the epizootic situation in Russia, as well as in any other country, is daily under threat. Such factors as climate change, expanding trade and economic ties, tourism, and migration increase the risks of introduction and spread of transboundary animal diseases, including zoonoses. Southern parts of Russia are most at risk and creation of the so-called buffer zones together with the active measures taken jointly with the bordering countries will be the best way to prevent spread of the disease agents.

Over the past few years the Rosselkhoznadzor has assisted the neighbouring countries in improving health status of their animal population and in transfer of the “buffer” zone to their territories. The work resulted in significant improvement of the epizootic situation in Kazakhstan and Mongolia. In order to improve “global animal health”, Russia takes active measures as a member of international organizations. Thus, the Rosselkhoznadzor has regularly pointed to the necessity to implement sub-regional approach to control spread of animal diseases, taking into account geographical and social and economical environment and peculiarities of livestock production. Thus, representatives of the veterinary services of Russia, Mongolia and China annually meet under the auspices of FAO. At the meetings they discuss and plan joint actions to consolidate their approaches to control disease spread and to exchange updated information.

In recent times, the epizootic situation has significantly deteriorated in the Transcaucasus.  A new FMD type and PPR agent were introduced into the region, lumpy skin disease and sheep goat pox virus established themselves, thus, becoming an issue of great concern to the veterinary services of the neighbouring countries.

Executive Committee of the European Commission for FMD Control (EuFMD) held a meeting in the Hague (the Netherlands) on the 9-10th of March, 2016 and Russian Federation (the Rosselkhoznadzor) was invited as the observer state.

During the meeting spokesmen for the member states and for the international organizations (FAO/OIE) exchanged their ideas about prevention of FMD introduction into the European region from Transcaucasia, the Middle East and North Africa.

The Rosselkhoznadzor representatives expressed their views on prospects for retaining FMD-free status in Russia and also in the neighbouring countries, primarily, in Europe. Transcaucasia is constantly affected by different animal diseases and some countries deliberately conceal information on the epizootic situation, so that to retain transit through their territories, or refer to their endemic status, thus, increasing the risk of the disease spread. The Rosselkhoznadzor assumed it was necessary to develop and implement a subregional programme on control of animal diseases in the region under the auspices of international organizations. Such a programme will help to assess the real situation in the region, to improve readiness of the national veterinary services for diagnostic and control measures and will urge the countries to be more transparent about their actions. Leading regional and world research centres having a rich experience in control of animal diseases, could be involved in the programme implementation. The proposed approach was supported by the Committee members. The following key problems of the veterinary services in the region were noted during the discussion: the absence of transparency about the measures taken, lack of material and methodological resources.  FMD can be taken as an example to use a consolidated approach aimed at improving health status of the territory and at preventing introduction of new disease agents.

As a result of the meeting, it was agreed that a regional working group should be created, comprising chief veterinary officers of Russia, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Iran or their representatives. The first meeting of the working group, that will be primarily devoted to exchange of information and expansion of cooperation, is due to be held within the next General Session of the World Assembly of OIE Delegates.

Mar 11, 2016

Categorys: Events , Veterinary , Epizootic situation